Cathy Anderson

How do we harness the energy of information? Through Education!!

Horizon Reports 2008 and 2009

Written By: Cathy - Jun• 07•13


A few months ago I decided to do a quick glance back at the Horizon Reports.   This is the third presentation of mine and it is just a basic overview of what the panel of experts speculated would be up and coming technologies  1 to 5 years out.  The presentation below covers years 2008 and 2009.  In some instances I added some current information..kind of an overview of how that technology is being used today.  Mobile Technology really came to the forefront in these years and as we all know continues to expand today.  I was surprised that it was in 2008 or 2009 when the potential of applications was beginning to be realized in the use of mobile technology.


You can find the 2008 report on New Media Consortium.

and the 2009 Report 

2008 Report:


Critical Challenges:

Significant shifts in scholarship, research, creative expression, and learning have created a need for innovation and leadership at all levels of the academy.


Higher education is facing a growing expectation to deliver services, content and media to mobile and personal devices.


The renewed emphasis on collaborative learning is pushing the educational community to develop new forms of interaction and assessment.


The academy is faced with a need to provide formal instruction in information, visual, and technological literacy as well as in how to create meaningful content with today’s tools.



Significant Trends:


The growing use of Web 2.0 and social networking—combined with collective intelligence and mass amateurization —is gradually but inexorably changing the practice of scholarship.


The way we work, collaborate, and communicate is evolving as boundaries become more fluid and globalization increases


Access to—and portability of—content is increasing as smaller, more powerful devices are introduced.


The gap between students’ perception of technology and that of faculty continues to widen.





One Year Or Less Definition from the report Today’s information  
Grassroots Video Almost any device that can access the Internet can play (and probably capture) it. From user-created clips and machinima to creative mashups to excerpts from news or television shows, video

has become a popular medium for personal communication. Editing and distribution can be done easily with affordable tools, lowering the barriers for production. Ubiquitous video capture capabilities have literally put the ability to record events in the hands of almost everyone. Once the exclusive province of highly trained professionals, video content production has gone grassroots.


A white paper from the grassroots video research team: Penn State


25 best sites for educational videos: Education Videos


The Impact of Video in Education:  Infographic




Wikipedia List of Video Sharing Sites



Top 7 Video Sharing Sites



Video Sharing Sites

Collaboration Web Tools to support collaborative online work are easy to find and uncomplicated to use.

Any networked computer can serve as a multi-function videoconference room, a gateway to a gathering in

a virtual world, or a joint workstation where several people can author the same documents together. Virtual

collaboration has been made increasingly seamless by a host of complimentary developments in networking

infrastructure, social networking tools, web applications, and collaborative workspaces.


Web collaboration provides an organization with the capability to collaborate with customers or internally via the Internet in real time. Web collaboration packages generally consist of Web-based tools within Web sites to assist an organization in the area of sales, new revenue-generation opportunities, and to enhance customer satisfaction. Web collaboration is essentially the back-end software or service that allows your center to share Web pages with customers while offering voice and text chat assistance or to conduct single or multi-user conferences and seminars. Web collaboration can be used in an Internet (IP) environment or integrated with an organizations’ existing telephone infrastructure to provide automated customer assistance for a client’s Web-based inquiries


Google Drive



PB Works

Two – three years      
Mobile Broadband Mobile devices have come a long way in the past few years. From portable (if bulky) telephones they became slim little cameras, audio recorders, digital video recorders, pocket datebooks, photo albums, and music players. Now they are video players, web browsers, document editors, news readers, and more. The technology

and infrastructure have developed to the point where mobile devices are becoming essential tools, bringing the whole of the Internet and all your social connections to the palm of your hand.


UNESCO; Mobile Learning


MIT Center for Mobile Learning


Kineo Mobile Learning Guide:


Mobile learning has pushed beyond the ‘what if’ hype to ‘what now’ – how do we make this work for real. Our guide on designing mobile e-learning focuses on just that, with:

10 design tips for designing mobile e-learning to make an impact

10 examples of where and how to use mobile to best effect

It’s part one of a series of free guides on mobile learning in practice.


Data Mashups Overlay the location of every Flickr photo tagged with “bluejay” on a map of the United States and see where

people are finding blue jays (www.flickr.com/map). See Twitter updates from your geographical area (www.

twittermap.com) or follow the global progress of the public stream (www.twittervision.com). Each of these applications is a mash up: a combination of data from multiple sources in a single tool. Mashups have been around for several years, but in recent months they have captured greater interest, due in part to a broader exposure from their integration with social networking systems like Facebook. While most current examples are focused on the integration of maps with a variety of data, it is not difficult to picture broad educational and scholarly applications for mash ups


IBMs Mash up data center feed Data Mashup


YouTube Video


Beginners Guide to Data Mashups




Mash Up Tools

Four to Five years      
Collective Intelligence Two new forms of information stores are being created in real time by thousands of people in the course of their daily activities, some explicitly collaborating to create collective knowledge stores like the Wikipedia and Freebase, some contributing implicitly through the patterns of their choices and actions. The data in these new

information stores has come to be called “collective intelligence” and both forms have already proven to be compelling applications of the network. Explicit knowledge stores refine knowledge through the contributions of thousands of authors; implicit stores allow the discovery of entirely new knowledge by capturing trillions of key clicks and decisions as people use the network in the course of their everyday lives.


Human Brain Cloud


Thomas Malone:


What does collective intelligence mean? It’s important to realize that intelligence is not just something that happens inside individual brains. It also arises with groups of individuals. In fact, I’d define collective intelligence as groups of individuals acting collectively in ways that seem intelligent. By that definition, of course, collective intelligence has been around for a very long time. Families, companies, countries, and armies: those are all examples of groups of people working together in ways that at least sometimes seem intelligent.

MIT Center for Collective Intelligence


IBM Collective Intelligence

Social Operating Systems Social networking systems have led us to a new understanding of how people connect. Relationships are the currency of these systems, but we are only beginning to realize how valuable a currency they truly are. The next generation of social networking systems—social operating systems—will change the way we search for, work with, and understand information by placing people at the center of the network. The first social operating system tools, only just emerging now, understand who we know, how we know them, and how deep

our relationships actually are. They can lead us to connections we would otherwise have missed. As they develop further, these tools will transform the academy in significant ways we can only begin to imagine












2009  Key Trends


  • Increasing globalization continues to affect the way we work, collaborate, and communicate.


  • The notion of collective intelligence is redefining how we think about ambiguity and imprecision.


  • Experience with and affinity for games as learning tools is an increasingly universal characteristic among those entering higher education and the workforce.


  • Visualization tools are making information more meaningful and insights more intuitive.


  • As more than one billion phones are produced each year, mobile phones are benefiting from unprecedented innovation, driven by global competition.



Critical Challenges:


  • There is a growing need for formal instruction in key new skills, including information literacy, visual literacy, and technological literacy.


  • Students are different, but a lot of educational material is not.


  • Significant shifts are taking place in the ways scholarship and research are conducted, and there is a need for innovation and leadership at all levels of the academy.


  • Significant shifts are taking place in the ways scholarship and research are conducted, and there is a need for innovation and leadership at all levels of the academy.


  • Higher education is facing a growing expectation to make use of and to deliver services, content, and media to mobile devices.



One to Two Years      
Mobiles The unprecedented evolution of mobiles continues to generate great interest. The idea of a single portable device that can make phone calls, take pictures, record audio and video, store data, music, and movies, and interact with the Internet — all of it — has become so interwoven into our lifestyles that it is now surprising to learn that someone does not carry one. As new devices continue to enter the market, new features and

new capabilities are appearing at an accelerated pace. One recent feature — the ability to run third-party applications — represents a fundamental change in the way we regard mobiles and opens the door to myriad uses for education, entertainment, productivity, and social interaction


Article:  mobile phone 40th anniversary


How Cell Phones Have changed our lives


12 most influential Cell phones



Cloud Computing The emergence of very large “data farms” — specialized data centers that host thousands of servers — has created a surplus of computing resources that has come to be called the cloud. Growing out of research in grid computing, cloud computing transforms once-expensive resources like disk storage and processing cycles into a readily available, cheap commodity. Development platforms layered onto the cloud infrastructure

enable thin-client, web-based applications for image editing, word processing, social networking, and media creation. Many of us use the cloud, or cloud-based applications, without even being aware of it. Advances in computer science to ensure redundancy and protection from natural disasters have led to data being shared across many different hosting facilities. Improved infrastructure has made the cloud robust and reliable; as

usage grows, the cloud is fundamentally changing our notions of computing and communication


Two to Three Years      
Geo Everything Everything on the Earth’s surface has a location that can be expressed with just two coordinates. Using

the new classes of geolocation tools, it is very easy to determine and capture the exact location of physical objects — as well as capturing the location where digital media such as photographs and video are taken. The other side of this coin is that it is also becoming easier to work with the geolocative data thus captured: it can be plotted on maps; combined with data about other events, objects, or people; graphed; charted; or manipulated in myriad ways. Devices we commonly carry with us increasingly have the ability to know where they (and, consequently, we) are, and to record our coordinates as we take photographs, talk to friends, or

post updates to social networking websites. The “everything” in geo-everything is what makes this group of technologies interesting, and what will make them so much a part of our lives — geolocation, geotagging, and location-aware devices are already very nearly everywhere


The Personal Web Fifteen years after the first commercial web pages began to appear, the amount of content available on the web is staggering. Sifting through the sheer volume of material — good or bad, useful or otherwise — is a daunting task. It is even difficult to keep track of the media posted by a single person, or by oneself. On the other hand, adding to the mix is easier than ever before, thanks to easy-to-use publishing tools for every type

and size of media. To cope with the problem, computer users are assembling collections of tools, widgets, and services that make it easy to develop and organize dynamic online content. Armed with tools for tagging, aggregating, updating, and keeping track of content, today’s learners create and navigate a web that is increasingly tailored to their own needs and interests: this is the personal web.


Four to Five Years      
Semantic Aware Applications The idea behind the semantic web is that although online data is available for searching, its meaning is not:

computers are very good at returning keywords, but very bad at understanding the context in which keywords are used. A typical search on the term “turkey,” for instance, might return traditional recipes, information about the bird, and information about the country; the search engine can only pick out keywords, and cannot distinguish

among different uses of the words. Similarly, although the information required to answer a question like “How many current world leaders are under the age of 60?” is readily available to a search engine, it is scattered among many different pages and sources. The search engine cannot extract the meaning of the information to compile an answer to that question even though it can return links to the pages that contain pieces of that answer. Semantic-aware applications are tools designed to use the meaning, or semantics, of information on the

Internet to make connections and provide answers that would otherwise entail a great deal of time and effort.


Smart Objects Smart objects are the link between the virtual world and the real. A smart object “knows” about itself — where and how it was made, what it is for, who owns it and how they use it, what other objects in the world are like it — and about its environment. Smart objects can report on their exact location and current state (full or empty, new or depleted, recently used or not). Whatever the technology that embeds the capacity for attaching information to an object — and there are many — the result is a connection between a physical object and a rich store of contextual information. Think of doing a web search that reveals not pages of content, but the location, description, and context of actual things in the real world. The means to create, track, and use smart objects has not yet entered the mainstream, but recent advances in identification technology have led to some

interesting proof-of-concept applications that suggest everyday uses are just down the road













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