Cathy Anderson

How do we harness the energy of information? Through Education!!

Horizon 2009 report on trends in Educational Technology

Written By: Cathy - Oct• 04•09

The 2009 Horizons report covers six emerging technologies likely to have a large impact on teaching, learning, research or creative expressing for education.  This report was produced by the New Media Consortium and the Educause Learning Institution.  Based upon information and data gathered these are the trends that NMC and Educause have identified as significant over the next one to five years:

1.)   Mobiles and cloud computer  One-two years  already established on campuses

2.)  Geo-everything and personal web  in common use in other sectors but not education

3.)  Semantic aware applications and smart objects  not yet commonly found in an educational context even thought research In these areas is growing

Definitions of each:

1)    Mobile technology:  cell phones, smart phones, I Phones, ITouch

  1. Adopted to a host of tasks for learning, productivity and social networking

2)    Cloud computing large scale data farms, large clusters of networked services

3)    Geo-everything “geo tagged/coded data

4)    Personal web:  aggregate the flow of content, rather than simply  viewing it

  1. Collection of widgets that manage online content
  2. Can configure and manage the ways in which one views and uses the Internet
    1. i.    Explicit defined to the individual=

5)    Semantic aware application

  1. Tools that gather the context in which the information is framed

6)    Smart objects:  a set of technologies that imbues objects with the ability to recognize physical location and respond appropriately

  1. Knows information about itself

Key trends that impact how and which tech is adopted:  Increased globalization continues to affect the way we work, collaborate and communicate

  • The notion of collective intelligence is redefining how we think about ambiguity and imprecision.
  • Experience and affinity for games as learning tools is an increasingly universal characteristic among those developing education initiatives.
  • Visualization tools are making information more meaningful and insights more intuitive. As tools of this nature
  • As more than one billion phones are produced each year, mobile phones are benefiting from unprecedented innovation, driven by global competition

My observations on trends:

  • Financial constraints due to economy
  • Changes in job work demands
  • Obama administration initiative
  • Rapid growth in distance education
  • Changing structure / theories of learning. what it means to learn in social networking

IBM’s future trends report identified the following trends that they term five signposts:

  • Technology immersion—immersion of students (using technology for learning)  Driven by mobile technologies
  • Personalized learning paths—(personal and varied learning paths)  Using semantic web technology to push the appropriate course materials to a student which meets his/her individualized learning needs. Students are also exerting more pressure expecting more individualized learning to meet their needs in the workplace.
  • Knowledge skills—(for service based economies)  The third signpost for the future is a shift in the requirements for workers’ skills toward more knowledge-based competencies—i.e. how information is accessed and how it is used to create new knowledge
  • Global integration—(global integration of systems, resources, and cultures,  Advancements in technology have eliminated traditional lines that defined the boundaries of an educational institution)
  • Economic Alignment—(education’s critical role in a 21st century economy)


My research in each trend from the Horizon’s 2009 report found the following:

BusinessLink ( www.businesslink.gov.uk ) identifies mobile technology as any technology that provides access to the Internet that is mobile:  cell phones, pdas, laptops, netbooks, gps, etc.

There are many types of content that can be accessed via the mobile device:  podcasts, videos, audio bytes,  live events, pictures, pdfs, documents, slide shows.  In addition to this there are many sites that provide access to resources that best demonstrate how to use mobile technology:

Mobile Learning media:

The author of this blog is “Judy Brown a Mobile Technology Analyst who has been involved in technology for learning for over 25 years and with mobile learning since 1996. She coordinates the mlearnopedia.com site.”

Judy Brown’s collection of mobile learning/elearning resources

Handheld Learning:

Handheld Learning is part of the Learning Without Frontiers organization.

Focus is on learning and teaching practice enhanced by the use of mobile and ubiquitous technologies. … vision is that the technologies that are becoming increasingly commonplace within the everyday lives of many people will also be used for powerful learning experiences both in and outside the traditional education environment.

The mobile learner

Cloud computing in higher education:

Educause resources

Higher education needs a national computing cloud


The Ups and Downs of Cloud Computing

Cloud computing basically lets you access software applications, hardware, data and computer processing power over the web. You don’t have to purchase and run software in your computer anymore. The cloud, the abstract physical description of what the Internet can do (personal computer, processor, storage), is there for you anytime, anywhere.

Outsourcing and Cloud Computing for Higher Education

To summarize what cloud computing is, what its relationship to outsourcing is, what areas in the information technology arena are available for outsourcing, and what some of the obvious and not-so-obvious challenges of outsourcing are. It will provide a focused check list on some legal and policy issues to address in contracts between institutions and outsourcing entities and, finally, make two recommendations, one for an internal procedure by which to address these issues and the other for a collaborative approach to some of these challenges from the perspective of higher education.

Next Gen Ed:
Cloud computing is when a company or organization connects many computers to distribute processing power. Those linked computers would be called that companies ‘cloud.’ The cloud pulls information from many computers together and then gives the user the final product. This allows for much faster computing

Personal  Web:

About Personal web:

Wikipedia defines personal web as:

Personal web pages are World Wide Web pages created by an individual to contain content of a personal nature. The content can be about that person or about something he or she is interested in. Personal web pages can be the entire content of a domain name belonging to the person (which would then be a personal website), or can be a page or pages that are part of a larger domain on which other pages are located – an example of one such larger site is GeoCities.

Personal web  pages:

Personal Web Page is one published by an individual who may or may not be affiliated with a larger institution. Although the URL address of the page may have a variety of endings (e.g. .com, .edu, etc.), a tilde (~) is frequently embedded somewhere in the URL

About.com  Personal web tools

Information on how to build your own personal Web site from scratch. Create your site with or without HMTL and other Web site codes. Learn how to use layouts, colors and graphics to design your Web pages. Find out the do’s and dont’s of Web site design so you can create great looking Web pages and an easy to use Web site.

University of Florida’s Personal web pages server:


Personal Web Pages

USF provides student, faculty, and staff with their own Web pages. These Web pages, as permitted by the university or individual departments, are not included in the Web guidelines but are subject to the guideline located in the appendix I “Personal Web Pages” at the end of this web page.

Cornell University decommissioned their personal web spaces because of so many other alternatives:

University of Minnesota personal web spaces:

Duke personal web space

Personal web tools:

Personal web pages are World Wide Web pages created by an individual to contain content of a personal nature. The content can be about that person or about something he or she is interested in. Personal web pages can be the entire content of a domain name belonging to the person (which would then be a personal website), or can be a page or pages that are part of a larger domain on which other pages are located – an example of one such larger site is GeoCities. Another example would be a student’s website for school. Personal web pages are often used solely for informative or entertainment purposes. Defining personal web page is difficult, because many domains or combinations of web pages that are under the control of a single individual can be used by the individual for commercial purposes, ranging from just the presentation of advertising, to electronic commerce: the sale of goods, services or information; in fact eBay began as the personal web page of Pierre Omidyar. [1]



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Geotagging:   is the process of adding geographical identification metadataRSS feeds and is a form of geospatial metadata. These data usually consist of latitude and longitude coordinates, though they can also include altitude, bearing, accuracy data, and place names. to various media such as photographs, video, websites, or

Flickr geotagging group:


GeoTagging  metadata:

Metadata makes the difference between a shoebox full of unsorted photos and a nicely-organized album that lets you browse photos of your Paris vacation. It’s the data about where, when and how you captured each shot, and most of it comes from your camera, which embeds the data automatically with every shot.

What is still lacking is the ‘where’ for each photo, and that’s where location-based metadata comes in. Location-

Google is finally adding the facial recognition features you can find in Picasa Web albums to its desktop app. With today’s release of Picasa 3.5, when you add a name tag, it scans your entire photo library and applies that name to every match. If it’s not sure it’s the same face, it gives you the option to apply the tag.

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One Comment

  1. Hi,
    I really liked your blog!

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